This is the basic lesson the students had while painting from stencil shaped of each grain type.
History Of The Grain
The Fertile Crescent is in the Middle East ; Iraq,Iran, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel,Jordan and Afghanistan. The first people to leave the life of hunter gatherer were the Natufians who were following the wild grasses across the land. They had learned you can soak and boil them to make a dough easy to eat.
10, 000 BC
The climate was warmer, wetter and more stable. Wild Emmer and wild einkorn grew very well.
These species of ancient wheat grew ears(rachides) which shattered and scattered their seeds in the wind. The seeds fell anywhere and grew plants. This is called germination. This took over a 100, 000 years to happen.
There was a gene mutation. This is when the rules of a plant, or any living creature, that tells it how to grow, that is somewhere deep inside the living being or plant changed. This change made wheat.
The farmers liked this wheat and chose to grow it themselves. They could decide where it would grow and live next to it. Over a very long period of time the farmers also domesticated Emmer, and then Einkorn.
This was the beginning of the Neolithic revolution.
Most Wheat was the variety where the seeds did not shatter and blow in the wind. The farmers had to collect the seeds themselves. This was called threshing. The first way is by rubbing the wheat between your hands and the grain will fall out.
When the people could settle down they could invent tools. The Hoe, the plough, the water wheel and windmill, then the tractor.